Source code for whalrus.rules.rule_plurality

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
Copyright Sylvain Bouveret, Yann Chevaleyre and Fran├žois Durand
sylvain.bouveret@imag.fr, yann.chevaleyre@dauphine.fr, fradurand@gmail.com

This file is part of Whalrus.

Whalrus is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

Whalrus is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with Whalrus.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
"""
import logging
from whalrus.rules.rule_score_num_average import RuleScoreNumAverage
from whalrus.scorers.scorer import Scorer
from whalrus.scorers.scorer_plurality import ScorerPlurality
from whalrus.priorities.priority import Priority
from whalrus.converters_ballot.converter_ballot_to_plurality import ConverterBallotToPlurality
from whalrus.utils.utils import cached_property, NiceDict
from whalrus.converters_ballot.converter_ballot import ConverterBallot


[docs]class RulePlurality(RuleScoreNumAverage): """ The plurality rule. Parameters ---------- args Cf. parent class. converter : ConverterBallot Default: :class:`ConverterBallotToPlurality`. scorer : Scorer Default: :class:`ScorerPlurality`. kwargs Cf. parent class. Examples -------- In the most general syntax, firstly, you define the rule: >>> plurality = RulePlurality(tie_break=Priority.ASCENDING) Secondly, you use it as a callable to load a particular election (profile, candidates): >>> plurality(ballots=['a', 'b', 'c'], weights=[2, 2, 1], voters=['Alice', 'Bob', 'Cate'], ... candidates={'a', 'b', 'c', 'd'}) # doctest:+ELLIPSIS <... object at ...> Finally, you can access the computed variables: >>> plurality.gross_scores_ {'a': 2, 'b': 2, 'c': 1, 'd': 0} >>> plurality.winner_ 'a' Later, if you wish, you can load another profile with the same voting rule, and so on. Optionally, you can specify an election (profile and candidates) as soon as the :class:`Rule` object is initialized. This allows for one-liners such as: >>> RulePlurality(['a', 'a', 'b', 'c']).winner_ 'a' Cf. :class:`Rule` for more information about the arguments. """ def __init__(self, *args, converter: ConverterBallot = None, scorer: Scorer = None, **kwargs): if converter is None: converter = ConverterBallotToPlurality() if scorer is None: scorer = ScorerPlurality() super().__init__(*args, converter=converter, scorer=scorer, **kwargs) def _check_profile(self, candidates: set) -> None: if any([len(b.candidates) > 1 and b.candidates != candidates for b in self.profile_converted_]): logging.warning('Some ballots do not have the same set of candidates as the whole election.') @cached_property def _gross_scores_and_weights_quicker_(self) -> dict: if not isinstance(self.scorer, ScorerPlurality): return self._gross_scores_and_weights_ # If it is a ScorerPlurality, we have a quicker method. gross_scores = NiceDict({c: 0 for c in self.candidates_}) total_weight = 0 for ballot, weight, _ in self.profile_converted_.items(): if ballot.candidate is None: if self.scorer.count_abstention: total_weight += weight continue gross_scores[ballot.candidate] += weight total_weight += weight weights = NiceDict({c: total_weight for c in self.candidates_}) return {'gross_scores': gross_scores, 'weights': weights} @cached_property def gross_scores_(self) -> NiceDict: return self._gross_scores_and_weights_quicker_['gross_scores'] @cached_property def weights_(self) -> NiceDict: return self._gross_scores_and_weights_quicker_['weights']